• Mon. May 29th, 2023

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva

Saïd El Mansour Cherkaoui – cherkaouijournal@gmail.com

31 octobre 2022 

In this article, you will also discover and browse my #research, my analyzes and my #publications on #Brazil, #Mexico and #southamerica.

Some of these articles will describe my progressive involvement with Latin American affairs and the importance of Latin American personalities / Americanist out-of-the-ordinary individuals who paved the way before me and in front of me and took my hand to guide me to share with them many crossroads of knowledge and generosity while they were my Mentors and my university professors and colleagues in research centers and universities as well as in real everyday life in Africa, Europe, Mexico, Austin – Texas, Oakland, California and the rest of Latin America.

This body of work that I present to you here began in 1978 with the preparation of my DEA at the Institut de Recherche Economique et de Planification Université Grenoble Alpes, and with the publication of my research on Brazil [* Note below] by the Centre national de la recherche scientifique in 1985 and the granting of my Doctorate in 1992 by the IHEAL Institute of Latin American studies, Université Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris, in Lyon by a specialized journal on Latin America.

In the United States, Golden Gate University of San Francisco published in 1991 – 1995 extracts from my research on the North American Free Trade Agreement and areas of my research.

The articles I am listed with their weblinks here below cover the aforementioned periods as references and sources that have also served as a launching pad for new research and knowledge interests that have shaped my current writings and my recent publications and those offered to you here.

* Note: According to Dean William Glade, Former President of the U.S. Latin American Scholars Association and Director of Latin American Studies Center at the University of Texas, Austin, only Steve Topik and myself were the first to start such research among the entire community of Latin American Scholars: the corresponding attestation is with the letters of recommendations displayed here below.

Thank you for your support and interest and for your visit here and if you want to share your feedback with me directly or just contact me, please use this email: cherkaouijournal@gmail.com

#recherche #paris #sanfranciscobayarea

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva O homem do ano – O tempo é a essência da ação

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, conhecido mononimamente como Lula, é um político e sindicalista brasileiro. Depois de servir anteriormente como 35º presidente do Brasil de 2003 a 2010, ele é o atual presidente eleito do Brasil, e deve ser empossado como o 39º presidente em 2023

Dimanche, 30 octobre 2022, Oh Lala Hola Lula é eleito presidente do Brasil, um retorno notável e uma reviravolta na história que demonstra que o caso passado com a Casa Branca de Trump não ajudou Jair Bolsonaro

O candidato de esquerda Lula foi eleito presidente do Brasil no domingo contra o ex-presidente Jair Bolsonaro

A votação foi particularmente apertada.

Luiz Inacio Lula da SilvaThe Man of the Year – Time is the Essence of Action

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, known as Lula, is a Brazilian politician and trade unionist. After serving as Brazil’s 35th president from 2003 to 2010, he is Brazil’s current president-elect and is expected to be inaugurated as the 39th president in 2023.

Sunday October 30, 2022, Oh Lala Hola Lula is elected President of Brazil, a remarkable return and a twist of history which demonstrates that the past affair with the White House of Trump did not help Jair Bolsonaro

Left-wing candidate Lula was elected president of Brazil on Sunday against outgoing president Jair Bolsonaro.

The ballot was particularly tight.

Lula – PT
Jair Bolsonaro – PL
Vote %: 50.9%
Vote %: 49.1%
Vote count: 60,345,999Vote count: 58,206,3545,700,443

#bresil #brazil #brazilelections

#lula2022 #jairbolsonaro

#latinoamerica #saidelmansourcherkaoui

Eleições 2022 se encerram com vitória da democracia e dos eleitores, afirma MoraesEm coletiva no encerramento do 2º turno de votação, o ministro informou que o pleito registrou recorde histórico de votos em candidatos

Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva – L’homme de l’année – Le temps est l’essence de l’action

Version Française

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, dit Lula, est un homme politique et syndicaliste brésilien. Après avoir été le 35e président du Brésil de 2003 à 2010, il est l’actuel président élu du Brésil et devrait être investi en tant que 39e président en 2023.

Dimanche 30 octobre 2022, Oh Lala Hola Lula est élu Président du Brésil, un retour remarqué et un rebondissement de l’histoire qui démontre que l’affaire passée avec la Maison Blanche de Trump n’a pas aidé Jair Bolsonaro

Le candidat de gauche Lula a été élu dimanche président du Brésil face au président sortant Jair Bolsonaro.

Le scrutin a été particulièrement serré.

Said Cherkaoui Letters of Recommendation: Business, Research, Academia

Sudamerica – América do Sul – South America – Amérique du Sud

Publications by Said El Mansour Cherkaoui on Central America and South America

Publications and Research on Brazil and Central and South America

Celso Furtado wanted me to register as a PhD student and researcher at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Latin America and again as the first Moroccan in this Institute for Advanced Studies in Latin America.

With Celso Furtado and Raymond Prats guidance at the CREDAL, I conducted this research. The focus is to analyze the determinations and the results of the intervention of the Brazilian State in shaping the economic development and facilitating the transition between the Old Republic and the emergence of industrialists, Tenentes and technocrats within the spheres of the central decision-making.

Professor William Glade (see copy of his Dr. Glade’s letter, here above he second letter of recommendation listed in this PDF file: Dr.-Said-El-Mansour-Cherkaoui-Letters-on-Research-in-Paris-France-and-Academic-Business-in-California) has defined this work as a pioneer in its field of research on Brazil and through correspondence, he stated that only 2 Scholars inaugurated such area of ​​research, Professor Steve Topik and Said El Mansour Cherkaoui.

In recognition of such work, Dr. William Glade deposited a copy of my Research at the Prestigious Library of the University of Austin, Texas, here is the link:

This publication dates from 1985, as the content of this link attests, it can be found in the most prestigious libraries in the world, including the Getulio Vargas Foundation in Rio de Janeiro.

A copy of my research was also acquired by the Getulio Vargas Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

As Associate Researcher, the Laboratory 111 IHEAL CREDA associated with the CNRS published my research on Brazil, here is the link:

Catalog Record: La relation ambivalente entre l’Etat… | HathiTrust Digital Library

Main Author:
Cherkaoui, Said el-Mansour.

La relation ambivalente entre l’Etat fédéral et les groupes d’intérêts privés au Brésil dans la première moitié du XXème siècle /
Published:Paris : Institut des Haute Etudes de l’Amérique Latine, [1985]
Subjects:Agriculture and state > Agriculture and state /Brazil > Agriculture and state / Brazil /History.
Haciendas > Haciendas /Brazil > Haciendas / Brazil /History.
Coffee industry > Coffee industry /Brazil > Coffee industry / Brazil /History.
Brazil > Brazil /History > Brazil / History /19th century.
Brazil > Brazil /Economic policy > Brazil / Economic policy /19th century.
Note:At upper left of cover: Laboratoire Associé au CNRS UA 111.
Physical Description:vi, 73 p. ; 30 cm.
Find in a library
Item LinkOriginal Source
 Limited (search only)University of Texas at Austin

According to Dean and Professor William Glade at the University of Texas. I had the privilege of meeting with Dean and Professor William Glade in Paris at the Centre de Recherches et de Documentation sur l’Amérique Latine (CREDAL where I was Associate Researcher} and he asked me for a copy of my publication by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique – CNRS.

Dr. William Glade had the courtesy to correspond with me and stating in his letter that my Research is a pioneering and only Steve Topic and myself were the ones who started this research on Brazil and the early intervention of the State in defining the strategic economic policy of development, for the corresponding letter sent to me by this Scholar William Glade , see the section here aforementioned file: see copy of his Dr. Glade’s letter, here above he second letter of recommendation listed in this PDF file: Dr.-Said-El-Mansour-Cherkaoui-Letters-on-Research-in-Paris-France-and-Academic-Business-in-California.

Dr. William Glade appreciated my pioneering work of research on Brazil and to demonstrate on his part such appreciation on its content, he has deposited my publication at the Library of the University of Texas at Austin which houses one of the largest collections on Latin America.

Brazil and Said El Mansour Cherkaoui

ECONOMIE POLITIQUE DU SUBCAPITALISME EN AMERIQUE LATINE (1830-1930) : ARGENTINE – BRESIL – CHILI – PEROU. سعيد المنصور شرقاوي saidcherkaoui24@gmail.com Version Française: Dr. Said El Mansour Cherkaoui est diplômé de l’Institut des Hautes Etudes de l’Amérique Latine et de l’Université de Sorbonne, de l’Institut de Recherche Economique et de Planification et de l’Institut de Sciences…Lire la Suite →

Brazil: Fading Economic Miracle and Rise of Political Corruption

Political Corruption and Samba Festival in the Alvorada Palace = Petrobras pays corruption settlement Brazilian state-run oil giant Petrobras has agreed to pay a $853.2 million over one of the largest corruption scandals to ever hit Brazil. …Lire la Suite →

Ethanol and the US – Brazil Trade

Brazil reintroduces a tax on US ethanol imports. A setback for Donald Trump, who would like to sign up for a second term …

Brasilia restored a 20% tariff on US ethanol imports. Washington authorities administration, have put a lot of pressure to maintain a favorable exemption for the US ethanol given the importance this…Continue Reading →t

Brazil and United States: Renewal of Trade Commitments

★ The United States and Brazil signed three agreements Monday October 19, 2020, they said would expand and deepen their existing trade deal, the latest bonding moment under Presidents Donald Trump and Jair Bolsonaro. The new protocol adds chapters on facilitating trade, regulatory practices and anti-corruption measures. BRASILIA – Export-Import Bank of the United States…Continue Reading →

Democracy Revisted in Brazil

Three Heads of State Falling out of Grace in Brazil Global Center for Trade – GLOCENTRA – المركز العالمي للتجارة – Centre Global pour le Commerce Centro Global de Comercio Brazil’s former President Michel Temer was arrested on Thursday [March 19, 2019] in “Operation Radioactivity,” a probe of alleged graft in the construction …Lire la Suite →

Brazil’s Emerging Economic Scandals

Brazil’s Petrobras to pay $853.2 million in penalties September 27, 2018 This morning the DOJ and SEC announced that Petrobras, a Brazilian state-owned and state-controlled energy company, entered into agreements with U.S. and Brazilian authorities “in connection with Petrobras’s role in facilitating payments to politicians and political parties in Brazil, as well as a related Brazilian investigation.”…Lire la Suite →

Recherche et Publications en Langue Française sur le Brésil de Said El Mansour Cherkaoui

Said El Mansour Cherkaoui, 1985: La relation ambivalente entre l’Etat fédéral et les groupes d’intérêts privés au Brésil dans la première moitié du XXème siècle /

La Rançon au Brésil: Émergence Economique et Corruption Politique

LULA LIBRE ! Lula libéré de prison, accueilli par une marée rouge de partisans JAMAIS DEUX SANS TROIS: RIVALITÉ POLITIQUE ET CORRUPTION PRÉSIDENTIELLE Le Brésil n’est point étranger aux crises. Après la fin de deux décennies de règne militaire en 1985, le premier président élu directement, Fernando Collor, a été mis en accusation en 1992.​​…Lire la Suite →

Brésil: Défaillance Politique et Crise Economique

Said El Mansour Cherkaoui publié le 1/1/2017 – Cherkaoui Journal صحيفة الشرقاوي Le Brésil n’est point étranger aux crises, après la fin de deux décennies de règne militaire en 1985, le premier président élu directement, Fernando Collor, a été mis en accusation en 1992.​​ Le Brésil n’a pas encore échapper aux deux crises, politique et…Lire la Suite →

Brésil et Said El Mansour Cherkaoui

Said El Mansour Cherkaoui La Relation ambivalente entre l`état fédéral et les grands groupes d`intérêts privés au Brésil dans la première moitié du XX éme siècle La Relation entre la Velha Mazagao et la Nova Mazagao est une Répétition de ma Propre Histoire de Recherche Académique.…Lire la Suite →

Brésil Nouveau Centre Incubateur Mondial de la Coronavirus

Nouveau Épicentre de la Coronavirus Pandémie Globale: Brésil Les Prises de Position Vagues des Dirigeants, la Croyance Religieuse et la Réalité Scientifique des Cas Infectés par la Pandémie Coronavirus « En Amérique du Sud, nous sommes particulièrement inquiets étant donné que le nombre de nouveaux cas enregistré la semaine dernière au Brésil est le plus haut sur… Lire la Suite →

North-Central America

Publication by the Golden Gate University Review, San Francisco Interview of Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Published in France Mexico – City 1990 ★ Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas and Said El Mansour Cherkaoui ​ L’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALÉNA) – Rencontre avec Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas L’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALÉNA) -Rencontre avec Cuauhtémoc … Continue reading North-Central America

Said El Mansour Cherkaoui: NAFTA and CUSMA

Mexico City: August 1990 – Oakland – June 1992 – Paris, France – California: 8/29/2015 – to this date of 5/8/2022 Initial Research and Publication on Regional Market Integration Case – Studies of the European Economic Community and the North American Free Trade Agreement Mexico – US – Canada L’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALÉNA) -Rencontre…Continue Reading →

Trump and NAFTA: Path of Negotiation and Reinvention

POLITICAL WILL Officials say a handful of less contentious NAFTA chapters could still be concluded during the latest round of talks, and three people at the talks said the technical teams remained focused on their tasks, despite the uncertainty the steel tariff plan had caused. Negotiators from the three countries have been meeting for six…Continue Reading →

NAFTA: U.S. and Mexico Preliminary Deal

President Trump said the United States and Mexico would be entering into a new trade deal called the United States-Mexico trade agreement, and that he wanted to get rid of the name of the 24-year-old North American Free Trade Agreement, a crucial step toward revamping a trade pact that has appeared on the brink of…Continue Reading →

NAFTA Twenty Years After

NAFTA at 20: One Million U.S. Jobs Lost, Higher Income Inequality By Lori Wallach My New Year’s celebrations this year were haunted by memories of January 1, 1994 — the day that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect. I remember crying that day, thinking about the proud men and women in union…Continue Reading

NAFTA and Labor

NAFTA Overview and Its Effect on Undocumented Immigration NAFTA stands for the North American Free Trade Agreement and it is a Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) between the United States, Mexico, and Canada.  A PTA is an agreement between a group of countries to levy low or zero tariffs against imports from members.  NAFTA took effect…Continue Reading →


★ Canada ★ United States ★ Mexico ★ Agreement Trump signs USMCA, ‘ending the NAFTA nightmare’ Since July 1, 2020, NAFTA has been replaced by a new free trade agreement CUSMA. As an importer, exporter and manufacturer, for your shipments Work and Research by Said El Mansour Cherkaoui on Latin America L’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALÉNA) – Rencontre avec Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas L’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALÉNA) -Rencontre avec Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas 8/29/2015 – Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano –  Said El Mansour Cherkaoui​ Celebración de 25 años de interés en MéxicoCelebration of 25 years of Interest in Mexico…Continue Reading →

Said El Mansour Cherkaoui and Latin America

Work and Research by Said El Mansour Cherkaoui on Latin America L’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALÉNA) – Rencontre avec Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas L’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALÉNA) -Rencontre avec Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas 8/29/2015 – Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano –  Said El Mansour Cherkaoui​ Celebración de 25 años de interés en MéxicoCelebration of 25 years of Interest in Mexico…Continue Reading →

Between 1978 and 1992 {date of the launch of my research and date of the defense of my doctoral thesis}, in fact more than 14 years of research on Latin America, I wrote more than 2000 pages of which 1400 pages only for my Doctoral Thesis, Political Economy of Subcapitalism in Latin America (1830-1930): Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru and this I supported within the walls of the University of Paris III: Sorbonne Nouvelle and through which, I created a new Economic Theory, Subcapitalism: http://goo.gl/lYk9Su

Titre : Economie politique du subcapitalisme en Amérique latine (1830-1930) : Argentine-Brésil-Chili-Pérou / Said El Mansour Cherkaoui
Alphabet du titre : latin
Auteur(s) : Cherkaoui, Said El Mansour. Auteur Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle (Paris). Organisme de soutenance
Date(s) : 1992
Langue(s) : français
Pays : France
Diffusion/distribution :Lille : Atelier national de Reproduction des Thèses, 1992
Description : 2 microfiches ; 105 x 148 mm
Num. national de thèse :1992PA030099 
Thèse : Economie politique du subcapitalisme en Amérique latine
(1830-1930) : Argentine-Brésil-Chili-Pérou /
Said El Mansour Cherkaoui. – Paris : [s.n.], 1992 
Appartient à la collection :Lille thèses, ISSN 0294-1767
Reproduction de : Economie politique du subcapitalisme en Amérique latine
(1830-1930) : Argentine-Brésil-Chili-Pérou /
Said El Mansour Cherkaoui. – Paris : [s.n.], 1992 
Sujets :Économie politique — Amérique latineCapitalisme — 
Amérique latineConditions économiques — Amérique latine
— 19e siècleConditions économiques — Amérique latine 
— 20e siècle
Forme ou genre :Thèses et écrits académiques 
Worldcat :493729559

South America

Una vez más después del Premio Noble en tiempo real y esta vez como maravilla del mundo virtual, el mismo Hombre de la Izquierda es celebrado por la derecha: Google honró al activista y Premio Nobel Gabriel García Márquez, en lo que hubiera sido su 91º cumpleaños , con un Doodle. Márquez es ampliamente conocido…Lire la Suite →

Latin America: Informal Sector, Electronic Commerce and Subcapitalism

The inflation of the prices of raw materials and everyday consumer products and the high cost of living which all impact wage demands and lead to an increase in wages whose international competitiveness only erodes the added value and especially the benefit of large national and international companies..…Continue reading →

Amérique du Sud: Secteur Informel, Commerce Électronique et Subcapitalisme

Amérique Latine: Secteur Informel, Commerce Électronique et Subcapitalisme Le secteur informel du Pérou, du Brésil, de la Colombie comme au Mexique pour ne citer que les plus en vue, s’était érigé comme une alternative a l’inertie bureaucratique des Etats gouvernés a l’époque par des juntes militaires ou des -bureaucrates-technocratiques dont l’essentiel de la politique était de…Lire la Suite →

Amérique du Sud Défiait par Coronavirus

Amérique du Sud Envahit par Coronavirus

Le Paraguay signale le premier cas COVID-19, l’Argentine signale le premier décès en Amérique du Sud – 8 mars 2020 Amérique du Sud Dévastée par le Coronavirus La propagation du coronavirus « s’accélère » au Brésil, au Pérou et au Chili, a prévenu ce mardi une agence régionale de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé, appelant ces pays à ne…Lire la Suite →

BRICS and the Building of Financial Great Wall

Update: April 3, 2022 – 12:37 AM Pacific Time Originally published at LinkedIn on August 31, 2015: Building New Economic World Powerhouses on BRICS and MINT 


★ Said El Mansour Cherkaoui, Ph.D. ★ Published on July 1, 2015 – 78 articles published at LinkedIn Great Wall and Great Break Banking Time for BRICS Updated…Continue Reading →

Comunidad Latina-Hispana de California Con Said El Mansour Cherkaoui


As Business Consultant at the East Bay Small Business Development Center and the Center for International Trade Development (including the East Bay Center for International Trade Development) between 1993 to 1998 and 2001 to 2007, I have worked with the Hispanic communities and their business executives and individual entrepreneurs as well as the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce of Alameda County and Sacramento.

Dr. Said El Mansour Cherkaoui, representante del Centro para el Desarrollo del Comercio Internacional (CITD) y Marruecos en una sesión ejecutiva de trabajo y una recepción organizada por las Cámaras Hispanas de Comercio de California, Condado de Alameda, Estados Unidos de America (www.cahcc.com).

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Le Mot de la Fin: Homage to a Son of Texas, Friend, Scholar, Humanist, Latin Americanist and Economist of our School of Cross-borders Thoughts and Perceptions

Obituary of William P. Glade, Jr.

William Patton Glade, Jr.

JULY 29, 1929 – MAY 2, 2021

Bill Glade had a wonderful and productive life as a scholar, researcher, public servant and world traveler and he loved every one of his 91 years, living them to the fullest. He passed away at home on May 2nd.

A genial and outgoing man with a twinkle in his eye and the ability to engage anyone in conversation, Bill was equally at home in the classroom, the halls of government or eagerly visiting museums around the world. His energy was legendary.

He was born in 1929 in Wichita Falls, Texas, and spent his childhood there with his parents William and Billie Hatcher Glade and his younger sister Mary. His lifelong love of foreign travel and all things related to Latin America began early when his mother took Bill and Mary to Mexico each summer so they would learn Spanish.

By the time he entered The University of Texas at Austin, his academic path seemed clear. He received his bachelor’s in business administration and his master’s in economics, culminating with his PhD in economics in 1955, reflecting his growing interest in things international, especially in Latin America.

But the years weren’t all about academics! He met his sister Mary’s roommate, Marlene Joseph, there and they were married in 1954.

Bill began his academic career at the University of Maryland at College Park, followed by a score of years at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, where he and Marlene raised their active family of two daughters and two sons and he became a Professor of Business & Economics, continuing his specialization in Latin America.

While they loved living in Madison and Bill’s reputation as an outstanding scholar was growing, the lure of their home state was strong and in 1970 they returned to Austin where Bill began his 37 years as Professor of Economics at UT, spending fifteen of those years also as Director of the Institute of Latin American Studies. Upon his retirement in 2007, he became Professor Emeritus of Economics.

Bill was beloved by his students and a great many continued to keep in touch with him long after they graduated, frequently returning for visits and special occasions. His classes were known as challenging, lively and exciting.

He was a prolific writer, with some 100 publications and still found time to give a myriad of lectures and analyses across the continent and beyond for universities, conferences, businesses and governmental agencies, sharing his expertise in Latin American economics, the economics of cultural policy and the arts, international cultural relations, international business, banking and money.

Bill and Marlene spent several exciting years in Washington, DC where Bill received a presidential appointment during the George H. W. Bush administration as Associate Director for Educational and Cultural Affairs at the U.S. Information Agency, overseeing a staff of more than 400. Among other posts, Bill was a senior scholar with the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars at the Smithsonian Institution, a consultant for the Ford Foundation and an active member of the Fulbright Commission. Bill was elected to membership in the Cosmos Club in Washington D.C. for his meritorious work in the field of economics.

Known as the perfect gentleman, Bill was always more eager to draw out other people than to talk about himself. Asked what he did for a living, he’d reply “oh, I’m an economist,” and then return the conversation to the other person.

Devoted to his family, Bill encouraged his children to explore the world and one recently remarked that as they traveled together, Bill always had more energy than anyone else and “never met a museum he didn’t like!” A world traveler by nature, Bill visited over seventy countries. Even though he was always eager to embark on world travels, there was nothing he enjoyed more than being home with his family.

He and Marlene were both supporters of the Diocese of Austin and members of St. John Neuman Catholic Church serving as Eucharistic ministers and members of various committees for many years. Bill was also a member of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulcher of Jerusalem. After his retirement from UT, he became a volunteer at Seton Hospital, becoming president of the group in 2010.

He is survived by his wife of 67 years, Marlene, of Austin; children Anita (Jerry) of Rancho Palos Verdes, CA, Genie (Charles), Patton and John, all of Austin; grandchildren, Graham, Nicholas, Katherine, Grayson, Jacqueline, Helena, Kathryn and James; great grandchildren, Wylder, Elena, Asher, Ezra, Gus and Indy.

Services are pending at St. John Neumann Catholic Church in Austin.