Said El Mansour Cherkaoui From NAFTA to CUSMA
Lic Cuautémoc Cárdenas – Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano
David Fike – President of Golden Gate University
Publications of Said El Mansour Cherkaoui on Mexico and the Integration of North American Market
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was signed into law by the U.S. President Bill Clinton, reducing barriers to trade and investment between the United States, Mexico, and Canada.
Recent publications of Said El Mansour Cherkaoui, Ph.D. on Mexico and the Integration of North American Market
A Story that started in 1982 at the Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – Institut des Hautes sur l’Amérique Latine in Paris, continued at the University of California, Berkeley and Golden Gate University [David Fike], #sanfranciscobay with field research in #mexicocity in 1992 following an invitation from Lic Cuautémoc Cárdenas, the CERDI (Center for Study and Research on the Integrated Development) and the Association of the Doctorands Mexicans who have studied in #parisfrance.
Said El Mansour Cherkaoui publications on the North American Market.
L’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALÉNA) -Célébration de 30 ans de Considération pour le Mexique – Rencontre avec Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas a Berkeley en Californie, a Paris en France et a Mexico City au Mexique.
Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano – Said El Mansour Cherkaoui Celebración de 30 años de interés en México, En la víspera de la firma del Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Estados Unidos, Canadá y México. Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN) – Celebrando 30 Años de Consideración por México – Reunión con Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas en Berkeley, California, París, Francia y Ciudad de México, México.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) – Celebrating 30 Years of Consideration for Mexico – Meeting with Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas in Berkeley, California, Paris, France and Mexico City, Mexico.… Continue reading
Research on NAFTA conducted in Mexico and Published by Golden Gate University, San Francisco, California where Dr. Cherkaoui was Adjunct Associate Professor from 1987 to 2001
★ Canada ★ United States ★ Mexico ★ Agreement
Canada, the United States and Mexico signed a new North American trade agreement to replace NAFTA on November 30, 2018. The CUSMA (or USMCA in the U.S.) came into force in Canada in July 2020. This new agreement goes by a different name in each of the three countries that signed it. While known as CUSMA in Canada, it is called the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, or USMCA, south of the border. In Mexico, people call it T-MEC, reflecting the Spanish name of the treaty.
Many think of CUSMA as NAFTA 2.0—and with good reason. CUSMA and NAFTA are very similar agreements in terms of general concepts. CUSMA continues the work of NAFTA and was negotiated using NAFTA as a baseline. That said, the two agreements do differ in significant ways. It is not for nothing that CUSMA runs to 1500 pages—more than double NAFTA’s page count of 741.
Since July 1, 2020, NAFTA has been replaced by a new free trade agreement CUSMA. As an importer, exporter and manufacturer, for your shipments which will be customs cleared on or after July 1, 2020, you are no longer be able to claim the NAFTA preferential treatment in Canada, the United States or Mexico. From this date on, for products “originating” in North America, you will have to claim a preferential treatment under the new CUSMA treaty.
AS OF JULY 1, customs authorities (e.g. CBSA and U.S. CBP) will not accept a NAFTA Certificate of Origin to claim the CUSMA “duty-free” treatment. For your 2020 blanket certificates of origin, prepared according to NAFTA, these will apply up to June 30, 2020, only. Effective July 1, the product must be certified as an “originating” good per a CUSMA Certification of Origin.
Unlike NAFTA, the new agreement does not call for a prescribed form. Instead, CUSMA requires a Certification of Origin, which can be included on a commercial invoice or a separate document, insofar as this new Certification contains all the mandatory minimum data elements set out in Chapter 5 / Annex 5-A of CUSMA.
To allow W2C to apply the “duty-free” treatment under CUSMA to your products that will be customs cleared on or after July 1, W2C must be in possession of a valid CUSMA Certification of Origin, included either on the commercial invoice, Canada Customs Invoice or Proforma Invoice; or included on a CUSMA Certificate of Origin template of any format that contains all of the prescribed minimum data elements.
See also additional information on the CUSMA Certification of Origin, as published by the CBSA.
W2C has developed a CUSMA Certification of Origin template which you can access via the “Resources” tab available on our website: https://w2c.ca/en/resources/.
Also be advised that the “Rules of Origin” (NAFTA vs. CUSMA) for several products (HS Codes), have changed. Before goods produced in Canada, the United States or Mexico can be certified on a Certification of Origin, they must qualify as an “originating” product under the “Rules of Origin” of the new CUSMA agreement. A product previously certified under NAFTA is not valid if imported/exported on or after July 1. Such a product must be re-qualified and re-certified under the new CUSMA rules.
PM Justin Trudeau of Canada acted so meek and mild during our
@G7 meetings only to give a news conference after I left saying that, “US Tariffs were kind of insulting” and he “will not be pushed around.” Very dishonest & weak. Our Tariffs are in response to his of 270% on dairy! – 61,200 replies 32,928 retweets 113,772 likes
NAFTA Overview and Its Effect on Undocumented Immigration NAFTA stands for the North American Free Trade Agreement and it is a Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) between the United States, Mexico, and Canada. A PTA is an agreement between a group of countries to levy low or zero tariffs against imports from members. NAFTA took effect in January of 1994, and at the time, it was ★ “NAFTA and Labor” Posted April 23, 2020… Continue reading
NAFTA at 20: One Million U.S. Jobs Lost, Higher Income Inequality By Lori Wallach My New Year’s celebrations this year were haunted by memories of January 1, 1994 — the day that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect. I remember crying that day, thinking about the proud men and women in union halls across America, the Mexican campesinos and the inspiring Canadian activists ★ “NAFTA Twenty Years Later” Posted by I … Continue reading
Read more: Trump Sours Flagging NAFTA Talks With Steel Trade War Threats | Newsmax.com POLITICAL WILL Officials say a handful of less contentious NAFTA chapters could still be concluded during the latest round of talks, and three people at the talks said the technical teams remained focused on their tasks, despite the uncertainty the steel tariff ★ Posted April 23, 2020 ★ Continue reading “Trump and NAFTA: Path of Negotiation and Reinvention”
President Trump said the United States and Mexico would be entering into a new trade deal called the United States-Mexico trade agreement, and that he wanted to get rid of the name of the 24-year-old North American Free Trade Agreement, a crucial step toward revamping a trade pact that has appeared on the brink of ★ Posted April 23, 2020 ★ Continue reading “NAFTA: U.S. and Mexico Preliminary Deal”
CROSS THE BORDER WITH TACO BELL NO CROSSING THE WALL WITH SMART DETECTORS Climbing the Wall and the Van of the Migra: Border US-Mexico The issue of immigration was not tackled, reduced or resolved neither with the Bracero Program, the Maquiladoras, the opening of the Mexican Economy and its complete liberalization and privatization, and the ★ Continue reading “Immigration and North American Market” ★ Posted July 14, 2020
Collision of Immigration and Trade: North America Versus Central America Trump putting 5% tariff on Mexican imports By The Associated Press | Posted: Thu 7:53 PM, May 30, 2019 | Updated: Thu 8:08 PM, May 30, 2019 WASHINGTON (AP) — President Donald Trump says he is slapping a 5% tariff on all Mexican imports to pressure the country to do more to ★ Posted April 23, 2020 ★ Continue reading “Migration and Trade in North America: Trump Vision”
The North American Free Trade Agreement created a preferential tariff area among the United States, Canada, and Mexico beginning on January 1, 1994. However, the drive for regional economic cooperation had begun as early as 1851 with bilateral free trade negotiations between the United States and Canada. A free trade area involving the United States and all of Latin America was advocated by U.S. secretary ★ “North American Free Trade Agreement” ★ Posted April 23, 2020… Continue reading
Cuauhtemoc Cardenas el hombre que institucionalizo a la izquierda About the Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano Hijo de Lázaro Cárdenas del Río, nació en 1934, en la Ciudad de México. Es ingeniero civil por la UNAM con estudios en Francia, Alemania e Italia. Entre 1961 y 1964 dirigió el Movimiento de Liberación Nacional. Fue miembro del PRI ★ Continue reading “Mexico – City 1990 ★ Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas and Said El Mansour Cherkaoui” ★ Posted
Why the big push for NAFTA if the promised gains were so modest and uncertain? Some of the explanation centers on the indirect benefits the United States could expect to derive from the Mexican prosperity predicted to result from its recent liberalization–if NAFTA could make it permanent. Even if NAFTA created no net trade increases ★ “US-Mexico-Canada Agreement” ★Posted July 2, 2019… Continue reading →
The North American Free Trade Agreement created a preferential tariff area among the United States, Canada, and Mexico beginning on January 1, 1994. However, the drive for regional economic cooperation had begun as early as 1851 with bilateral free trade negotiations between the United States and Canada. A free trade area involving the United States…Lire la Suite →
L’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALÉNA) -Rencontre avec Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas 8/29/2015 – to this date of 5/8/2022 Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano – Said El Mansour Cherkaoui [Spanish – English – French] Celebración de 32 años de Said El Mansour Cherkaoui interés en México En la víspera de la firma del Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Estados Unidos, Canadá y México, fui a México, donde continué mi conversación … Continue reading
Mexico City: August 1990 – Oakland – June 1992 – Paris, France – California: 8/29/2015 – to this date of 5/8/2022 Initial Research and Publication on Regional Market Integration Case – Studies of the European Economic Community and the North American Free Trade Agreement Mexico – US – Canada L’Accord de libre-échange nord-américain (ALÉNA) -Rencontre…Continue Reading →
★ Canada ★ United States ★ Mexico ★ Agreement Trump signs USMCA, ‘ending the NAFTA nightmare’ Since July 1, 2020, NAFTA has been replaced by a new free trade agreement CUSMA. As an importer, exporter and manufacturer, for your shipments which will be customs cleared on or after July 1, 2020, you are no longer…Continue Reading →
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